State Accountability RatingsIn 1993, the Texas Legislature enacted statutes that mandated the creation of the Texas public school accountability system to rate school districts and evaluate campuses. A viable and effective accountability system was achievable in Texas because the state already had the necessary infrastructure in place: a pre-existing student-level data collection system; a state-mandated curriculum; and a statewide assessment tied to the curriculum.
The first state accountability system was based primarily on student performance on the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) and ended in 2002. A new rating system based on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) was developed during 2003 and campus and district ratings were first issued in the fall of 2004. The last year for accountability ratings based on the TAKS was 2011.
In 2012, no state accountability ratings were issued while the Texas Education Agency (TEA) worked with advisory committees to develop a new rating system based on the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness(STAAR). This new accountability system allows for a large number of measures without the rating being dependent on a single measure. The 2012-13 school year marked the first year of ratings using STAAR results and distinction designations.